Glutamine/ Immune System
As we all know how much proteins are important for building and repairing body tissues. Besides being the building blocks of proteins, amino acids are also the second most abundant compound in our bodies after water. Glutamine, the most versatile and universal amino acid in the body is responsible for multiple functions.
- Our intestines’ protective cells are fueled by glutamine.
- Immunity booster
- Assists liver to detoxify foreign substances
The production of glutamine occurs in the muscles from where blood transports it to the body organs.
Forms of Glutamine:
L- glutamine and D- glutamine are two different forms of glutamine. They are little different in their molecular arrangement otherwise they are similar to each other. L- glutamine holds more importance than D- glutamine. Glutamine is present in foods and supplements in the L- glutamine form.
Glutamine is called a conditionally essential amino acid because certain pathological conditions can affect the synthesis of this amino acid. Therefore, it is necessary to fulfill the daily requirements of glutamine by diet.
Health Benefits of Glutamine:
There are many conditions in which glutamine helps patients to recover e.g. surgery, burns, and injuries. The patient has to face many side effects (e.g. nausea, muscle wasting, oral inflammation, and many more) in the treatment of cancer. According to many studies, Glutamine helps to combat these side effects.
Other benefits of Glutamine are as follows:
Role in Immune System:
Lymphocytes are white blood cells that have the potential to fight against diseases and infections. Glutamine boosts the immune system as it acts as a fuel source for lymphocytes.
The levels of glutamine decrease in certain pathological conditions e.g. injury or sickness. It ultimately affects the ability of immune cells to protect the body. The body starts to break down the stored proteins to obtain more glutamine.
Glutamine supplements boost recovery and reduce the incidence of infections. Therefore, it is recommended in serious injuries to consume a high glutamine diet or glutamine supplements.
Role in Intestinal health:
Glutamine makes sure that your body is properly absorbing the nutrients by protecting and maintaining the lining of the intestine.
The benefits of glutamine on the immune system also pour a positive effect on the health of the intestine. A person’s gut makes up the largest part of their immune system. There are trillions of bacteria in the intestine that can affect immune health.
Serious gut problems like leaky gut syndrome can be prevented by glutamine. It is advised to take supplements of glutamine in celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and gut inflammation.
Muscle recovery and Exercise performance:
Glutamine is considered a fitness supplement as it plays a crucial role in enhancing exercise performance and muscle growth. Additionally, glutamine helps to relieve muscle soreness and speed up recovery after exercise. According to one study, glutamine or glutamine combined with carbohydrates can help decrease fatigue markers in the blood after running for two hours.
Sources and Dosage:
Glutamine is present in a variety of foods. Animal-based foods contain more glutamine than plant-based foods as animal products have more protein content. Eggs, beef, tofu, and skim milk are some of the good sources of glutamine.
Research suggests that an average diet has 3-6 grams of glutamine per day. It depends on how much or which type of food we are consuming. People need to be extra conscious while consuming glutamine supplements to get better results.